Mint Marks - United Kingdom - PERTH (Australia)
AUSTRALIA
PERTH - ( P )
YEARS OF ACTIVITY
Open at Close at
June 1899 July 1970
HISTORY

The Perth Mint is Australia's oldest operating mint. After the foundation stone was laid in 1896 by John Forrest, the Mint opened on June 20, 1899 as a branch of the Royal Mint in London to refine gold and manufacture gold sovereigns and half sovereigns to be used as currency in the colony.

At that time, Western Australia's population was growing rapidly (23,000 in 1869 and 180,000 in 1900) due largely to the discovery of gold in the Kalgoorlie, Coolgardie and Murchison areas of the colony. There was very little money available in Perth for which miners could exchange gold to pay for goods.

Although Federation occurred in 1901, the Mint remained under the jurisdiction of Britain until July 1, 1970, when it became a statutory authority of the Government of Western Australia. It is now owned by Gold Corporation which is in turn wholly owned by the Government of Western Australia.

Up to 2000, the Mint's refined fine gold output totalled 4,500 tonnes, representing 3.25% of the total tonnage of gold produced by humankind. This is about the current holdings of gold bullion in the United States Mint's Fort Knox Bullion Depository. Until 1984, it also manufactured much of Australia's conventional coin currency.

Today, the Mint continues to provide refining and other services to the gold industry and manufactures many coin related numismatic items for investors and coin collectors. It is responsible for manufacturing and marketing most of Australia's legal tender precious metal coins, including proof quality Australian Nugget gold coins, Australian Koala platinum coins, Australian Kookaburra silver coins and bullion.

It is located at the corner of Hay Street and Hill Street, near the Perth central business district and has become a tourist attraction to visitors to the City.


P - Perth ( Australia )


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